Namibia’s impressive infrastructure rivals that of most African countries. Despite its geographical position and expanse, First World technologies, together with well-established service, transport, communications and other commercial facilities ensure easy access and direct linkage to local and global markets and trading partners.


Karas has a remarkably comprehensive and well-maintained road network, accounting for some 18% of the national network. Almost all trunk roads are paved, providing connection between all major towns in the region and fast, reliable routes to commercial hubs like Johannesburg, Cape Town and Durban, and to neighbouring countries.

Total: 64,808 km (2001), 63,258 km (1997 est.)
Paved: 5,378 km (2001), 5,250 km (1997 est.)
Unpaved: 59,430 km (2001), 58,008 km (1997 est.)


A national railway network (of which the Karas Region claims one third) links the region with South Africa and the rest of Namibia. Rail flow between Keetmanshoop and Ariamsvlei on the south eastern border by 1996, already measured some 931 000 tonnes pa. A new, improved link between Aus and Lüderitz is presently under construction.
Railways in “Nambia” are operated by TransNamib

Railway links to adjacent countries
Angola – no – agreement signed for link – same 1067mm gauge[1]
Botswana – no – same gauge
South Africa – yes – same 1067mm gauge
Zambia – no – same gauge
Zimbabwe – no – same gauge


Air transportation facilities in the region are well provided, with major airports at Lüderitz and Keetmanshoop. Both airports are equipped for wide-bodied aircraft, with the potential for linkage to international destinations. Keetmanshoop hosts the Namibian Aviation Training Academy and is ideally suited to aircraft assembly and maintenance/testing facilities. Many established landing strips for light aircraft also exist throughout the region. Air Namibia presently operates the following flight services:Domestic scheduled services:

  • Lüderitz
  • Swakopmund
  • Mpacha
  • Windhoek
  • Ondangwa
  • Oranjemund
  • Walvis Bay

International scheduled destinations:

  • Frankfurt
  • Cape Town
  • Maun
  • Johannesburg
  • Luanda
  • Victoria Falls

Air Namibia has also introduced a direct flight from Windhoek and London Gatwick. This includes connections from Cape Town and Johannesburg. These flights utilize McDonnell Douglas’ MD-11 aircraft.

Ports & Shipping

A massive injection of N$ 85 million by government in Lüderitz saw the beginning of an extensive upgrade of this important coastal trade and fishing hub, with the addition of quays to handle larger vessels (including passenger liners) as well as modern container and cargo handling facilities and customer-oriented services that ensure fast, economical movement of goods (including those from landlocked neighbours) to the wider world – from large qualities of processed zinc to, marine products and other regional produce.

Southern Namibia Region